Room by Room Residential Lighting Design

Interior residential lighting as a part of the interior design reflects the function and the feel of the spaces. Tastes and preferences combined with today’s technics keep changing lighting design. The trick is to create a lighting choreography compatible with users. When a designer achieves this, it will be possible to create comfortable and safe living spaces.

Friday, October 23, 2020 - 07:48

Interior residential lighting as a part of the interior design reflects the function and the feel of the spaces. Tastes and preferences combined with today’s technics keep changing lighting design. The trick is to create a lighting choreography compatible with users. When a designer achieves this, it will be possible to create comfortable and safe living spaces.

 When it comes to lighting a resident, each space will have its unique illumination design. Whether the goal is to improve the existing lighting design or to create a new lighting plan for a brand new house, room by room, we should handle each space individually.

Who will design the lighting scheme?

A lighting plan should be designed together with the architect, the lighting, and  electrical designers, after evaluating the usages, dimensions, and natural light levels in each room.

How to plan a lighting scheme?

For each room, the design team has to ask the following questions and then make decisions about the lighting system and its features, such as lighting level, light source features, fixtures installation types, IP rates, efficiency, energy-saving.

  • What is the purpose of the space?
  • Are there any specific architectural details, artworks, or furniture pieces to highlight?
  • Who are using the room? Ages, tastes, lifestyles
  • Is natural light penetrate to the room? When, how much and from which direction
  • At which period people are using the place?
  • What is the decoration style? Furniture style, colors, textures
  • What are the standards and building regulations?
  • Is a lighting automation system needed?

Room by room lighting design guide

 There are three main lighting layers to consider using separately or combined in different spaces,

  • Ambient lighting, general lighting which provides overall illumination to a room
  • Task lighting, targetted light for a limited task area
  • Accent or mood lighting, highlighting objects, architectural details, or artworks

Living and dining room lighting

Living rooms are the spaces that people use for several activities, such as socializing, relaxing, and entertaining. Flexible and multiple lighting solutions should be used. A central pendant lighting is no longer enough for a living room.

For different moods, we can use various solutions;

  • Downlights or a chandelier for general lighting
  • Recessed or surface mounted track lights or wall washers for  artworks and object lighting
  • Hidden lights behind the cabinets
  • Table or floor lamps for reading or a task
  • Wall sconce to support general lighting or just for decoration
  • Ground recessed fixtures for wall or colums lighting

(2700K is recommended)

Bedroom lighting

Lighting should provide a smooth and relaxed lighting environment in the bedroom. In the meantime, higher lighting levels are necessary for dressing and makeup areas. A soft background lighting can be supplemented with table and floor lamps, reading lamps, and accent lighting, for example, to highlight a stylish headboard.

(2700K is recommended)

Bathroom lighting

  • Downlights and backround light  for general lighting,
  • Task lights for makeup or an illuminated mirror
  • IP rated fixtures inside the bath or shower

(3000-4000K is recommended)

Kitchen lighting

A kitchen is always the heart of a home. It is a socializing and operation area, from reading the morning newspaper to cooking, eating to just chatting. It is very crucial to support general lighting with a variety of task lighs, such as under- cabinet fixtures or accent lights.

(3000-4000K is recommended)

Corridors and staircase lighting,

The right lighting helps to create an inviting entrance to a house. We can install downlights, hidden led strips, and track lights in an entrance hall and corridors. Lighting in stairways must mainly provide safety. And wall sconces or ceiling lights will create the eye-catching decoration.

(2700K is recommended)

As I always mention, each project, especially a home lighting project, should be unique.

We have to consider general acceptances and standards. But always, the aim is to develop a lighting design based on the characteristics and wishes of the users.

Remembering that lighting is an element not only to see our surroundings, but also to enrich the architectural appearance of the residence and create different atmospheres, we should sometimes use lighting only for its decorative effect.

Applying a flexible and controllable system as much as possible will be very beneficial in achieving the appropriate lighting for both aesthetic and functional purposes.

Ayşe Özkiper
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After Notre Dame de Sion French High School, Ayşe Dilay Özkiper continued her education at the Istanbul Technical University and has been graduated as an Architect. She also graduated from her MBA at the Istanbul University Institute of Business Economics. She attended various workshops, formations, and schoolings on lighting design and technique. Özkiper spent the last 20 years of her 29-year professional career in the lighting sector with the expertise of architectural lighting and still continues as a lighting designer and consultant.

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