What Is the Difference Between Wired and Wireless Lighting Control Systems?

Lighting control technologies continue to develop as wired and wireless communication protocols are developed. In lighting control systems, each device has the ability to communicate with each other and react to certain commands. Communication between devices can be provided both wired and wireless.

Saturday, October 3, 2020 - 12:53

Lighting control technologies continue to develop as wired and wireless communication protocols are developed. In lighting control systems, each device has the ability to communicate with each other and react to certain commands. Communication between devices can be provided both wired and wireless.

In wired lighting control systems, all lighting devices are connected to a single center with cables located in the wall and ceiling or underground. Switches, controllers and sensors as well as lighting devices are connected to the same center. Communication in wired control systems is extremely safe.

Wired connection is faster than wireless connection technologies. This will make the devices react faster to commands.

On the other hand, the wired system can be more complex and costly. Since the cable installation will be permanent and long term, the whole process should be planned in advance and pre-wired. Electricians and architects should work together during the project design phase.

0-10V, DALI and Ethernet are commonly used wired lighting control technologies.

Since the wireless lighting control system does not require a physical data connection, it is not necessary to break walls, ceiling or floor in its installation. This makes the wireless system installation easier and less costly. Planning and project process is significantly less than wired systems. Thus, the entire system can be installed and commissioned within a day.

In wireless setup, there may be some interruptions while the devices on the system try to communicate with each other. In order to prevent this, attention should be paid to the communication distance specified by the manufacturer and the distance between the devices.

ZigBee, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi are widely used wireless lighting control technologies.

Wired and wireless control systems each have advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, evaluation and selection should be made specific to the application.

Wired system can be made easily in projects built from the beginning. Wireless system may be the right choice in existing projects. Professional support is required for the installation of the wired smart lighting system. It is often sufficient to follow user instructions for wireless lighting installation.

Emre Yılmaz
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Emre Yılmaz, the founder of Lighting Portal, graduated from Atılım University Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering in 2013, and since then has been involved in the management and product development activities of state-supported projects in the lighting industry. He completed his master's degree at Gazi University Industrial Design Engineering Department and continues his education in the doctorate program of the same department.

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